6 Major Types of Construction Drawings
11
Jan

6 Major Types of Construction Drawings

Every successful project begins with a well-drawn construction plan. Whether it is a new commercial, industrial, or residential project or a renovation, it must have construction drawings. Detailing the execution and the outcome of the construction project. 

Yet, there are different types of construction drawings that you must familiarize. Especially before you hire a professional to work with you on a construction project.   

Read on and learn the different types of construction drawings vital to your construction projects’ success.   

6 Types of Construction Drawings  

  • Site Plan  

An architectural construction drawing architects and engineers call a project’s graphic representation. This type of construction drawing shows the number of buildings in the area. The landscape, garden elements, parking area, roads, sidewalks, paths, and essential facilities. Lines such as lighting, drainage, sanitary sewer, and water lines.  

It serves as a construction map site for the whole construction project. This contains existing structures, topographical elements, and details of planned and projected changes. Once you finish the project, such as alterations in topography.   

  • Excavation Sites  

Excavation sites can be dangerous to workers. Aspects like weather and ground conditions, location, soil type, roads, paths, and buildings may affect the site. This can cause the soil to cave in.

Thus, need to that you must have a construction drawing before digging the site. You can reduce the risk of work-related life-threatening accidents through excavation plans.   

An excavation plan is part of the structural construction drawings. It is a construction document that contractors prepare before digging and working on the site. Including the dimension and length of the project, primary requirements, risk assessments, and safety procedures. Other rules and regulations that workers must follow while working in the area are not left out.

Yet, they have to ensure that the excavation plan will spare the workers’ lives from potential accidents. It must follow the OSH Act of 1970 (Occupational Safety and Health Act) to avoid unnecessary injuries.  

  • Mechanical and Electrical Drawings  

Mechanical and electrical drawings go hand in hand together in construction drawings. These drawings show essential information about how the HVAC system, the elevators, and the escalators work.   

An electrical drawing is a technical drawing that provides you with the building’s information. In some instances, it also shows the communication aspect of the project. The drawing shows the physical layout of the building’s cables, wires, and other electrical components.  

Mechanical Drawing

The crucial part of these drawings is that you must write the symbols, numbers, and notations. This is to ensure that the installers do the designs and complex systems well.   

  • Plumbing and Drainage Plan  

Mechanical-engineering companies produce these National Plumbing Code (NPC)-compliant plans. This helps to illustrate the plumbing system and the project’s drainage system. It will show the locations of line sizes, types of plumbing fixtures, valves, and route pipes. 

The plan also includes the capacities of the storage tank, water heater, drainage locations, and routing. It may also show the best access doors and panels for the plumbing and drainage systems.  Also aluminum with neoprene gasket that is durable but lightweight enough to install on walls and ceilings.  

  • Finishing Drawings  

Finishing drawings are construction drawings that provide specific details of the building’s appearance. This includes the building’s components, paint, flooring, elevation design, and the like. Other vital information about how the building looks should be.   

  • Perspective Drawings  

These drawings are single-view three-dimension drawings. They give a more realistic look to the object or structure. Providing construction professionals the ability to visualize the project and expected design.   

But unlike the finishing drawings, it only shows the dimensions and diminishing and parallel lines to draw a clearer view. A clearer view of how the building looks at some distant point.  

Final Thoughts:  

Construction drawings give you a detailed insight into how to build the structure and its development. They also guide the construction professionals involved in each phase until completion. It ensures that everything aligns with the client’s needs. Following the structures’ exact dimensions, systems, essential lines, and other specific details.  

Another benefit of following the construction drawings is the workers’ safety. Safety during the building process and the occupants’ safety after the turnover. Each picture follows specific codes for the structure, mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems. They all lead to preventing fatal accidents to workers and building occupants.  

Here at S3DA design firm, we can guarantee that the designs fit your needs. The structural calculation also follows and passes specific building codes. If you want the best, then meet with the best professionals in the game. Contact us for expert consultation, design, and construction projects.