Civil engineering is one of the oldest branches of engineering. It deals with the construction of bridges, roads, houses, forts, roads, and many more. It has its presence from ancient times in the form of old forts, temples, churches, and many more historical buildings. The Taj Mahal of India, the Great Wall of China, the Colosseum and St. Peter’s Basilica of Rome, and the tower of London are a few brilliant examples of old-time civil engineering. Besides, the Golden Gate Bridge of USA, Panama Canal, The Bandra-Worli Sea Link of Mumbai, the Suez Canal, and miles-long highways across the globe are a few samples of modern-day civil engineering.

A civil engineer materializes these constructions. He can take an active part, or he may give his advice as an engineering consultant. Yet, he is the key person in any civil project.

Civil Engineer’s Contribution to the Society

Some of the areas where we see a civil engineer’s footprints are given below.

  1. Roads and Highways
  2. Bridges And Fly Overs
  3. Buildings
  4. Railway and Metro Tracks
  5. Airports, Sea Ports and Docks
  6. Dams and Barrages
  7. Canals And Irrigation Channels
  8. Drinking-Water Supply in Residential and Industrial Establishments
  9. Drainage And Sewage Management
  10. City Planning
  11. Environment Protection

Braches of civil Engineering

There are different specialized branches of civil engineering, which deal with their specific field.

Structural Engineering

A structural Engineer design and build structures that can sustain and hold the bridges, towers, and huge constructions. This expertise is needed in the oil fields, bridges, dams, high rise buildings, and industrial buildings’ construction.

Civil Engineer 101

Environmental Engineering

This branch deals with the protection of our environment by reducing the pollution level of the water and air. It finds ways and means to dispose of hazardous and non-hazardous wastes properly.

Geo-Technical Engineering

These engineers study nature of the ground and rock beds to find their suitability for civil projects. Their skill is useful in underground projects.

Construction Engineering

These are the engineers who convert design or plan into physical form by using their knowledge.

Coastal Engineering

Coastal Engineers use their skill to save the sea boundaries from erosion.

Transportation Engineering

It deals with the construction and maintenance of the roads, ports, airports, railway tracks.

Town Planning

This branch is responsible for the planning and development of living areas.

Water Resource Engineering

A water resource engineer builds and maintains irrigation systems, drinking water supply systems, drainage and sewage systems, pipeline, and canals, etc.

Final Words

The article above is a brief description of the civil engineering field. The civil engineer has been and still is an important pillar of civilization. It is he who visualizes and materializes man-made wonders of the world.

We hope this article helps you to get an idea about the role of a civil engineer.